A-APRP Terms and Definitions, Terms beginning with R

Tags group articles on similar topics into categories.
These terms and definitions represent vocabulary specific to the African revolution, Pan-African struggles and the socialist revolution as defined through work and critical analysis. Click one of the letters above to advance the page to terms beginning with that letter.


Racism search for term
Raul Castro search for term
RDA search for term
Ready for the Revolution search for term
Reagan search for term
Religion search for term
Resistance search for term
Revolution search for term
Revolutionary African Women search for term
Revolutionary Consciousness search for term
Revolutionary Ideology search for term

Nkrumahism - Touréism puts emphasis on the fact that the fundamental task facing Africa is the ideological transformation of man and woman. This transformation begins in the realm of morals and values:

"Africa needs a new type of citizen, a dedicated, modest, honest, informed man [and woman] who submerges self in service to the nation and mankind. A man [and woman] who abhors greed and detests vanity. A new type of man [and woman] whose humility is his [her] strength and whose integrity is his [her] greatness." (Nkrumah,K., 1975 Africa Must Unite p.130).

Both Nkrumah and Touré held ideology as the crucial element and the greatest asset in the African revolution. Touré teaches us that “Culture is the framework of ideology. Culture is the container, which carries ideology as its contents.” Africa has her own culture and thus must have her own ideology thereby conforming to the African personality. Nkrumah informs us that philosophy is an instrument of ideology and must derive it’s weapons from the living conditions of African people and that it is from those conditions that the intellectual content of our philosophy must be created. Nkrumah teaches us further that… “a united people armed with an ideology which explains the status quo and illuminates our path of development is the greatest asset we posses for the total liberation and complete emancipation of Africa. And the emancipation of Africa completes the process of the emancipation of man.”  (Nkrumah, K., 1964 Why The Spark p.2).

Touré, echoes Nkrumah’s position that political freedom is a prerequisite for economic freedom and  adds that political revolution is part and parcel of the ideological revolution. Hence ideological revolution is the fundamental requirement for political and economic revolutions. Likewise, political independence is incomplete unless it is followed by an economic revolution. Touré shows revolutionary ideology as the critical element in developing revolutionary consciousness as he teaches us the laws of developing consciousness. When he says,

Without revolutionary consciousness there is no Revolution! All those who have had to conduct revolution have been able to verify this. But where does this revolutionary consciousness come from, since it is certain that it is not basic datum, nor does it come into being and develop spontaneously? History teaches that it is created and developed through ideological education and revolutionary practice. We can equally affirm that without ideological training and without revolutionary action, there can be no revolutionary consciousness.”

To achieve a decisive impact on or recruit from mass movements the Party must have ideologically strong cadre and a program of ideological development. With the mass party our masses can bring forth and strengthen the best attributes of the mass movement into the qualified expressions of the mass revolutionary party characterized by mass revolutionary consciousness and mass ideological power as the guiding force to revolutionary practice.

Revolutionary Pan-Africanism search for term
Revolutionary Poetry search for term
Revolutionary Youth search for term
RNA search for term
Rousseff search for term

Go to top