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  • Ghana

Samia Nkrumah

Samia Nkrumah video interview
Samia talks about returning to Ghana and about reviving her father's vision.

Ghana ALD

Ghana ALD Video
Various Party militants discussing African Liberation Day activities.

Significant Dates
in History

African Independence

Zimbabwe, Apr 18, 1980
Togo, Apr 27, 1960
Sierra Leone, Apr 27, 1961

Cuba crushes CIA

organized Bay of Pigs invasion
Apr 17, 1961

South West African
People's Organization

(SWAPO) founded
Apr 19, 1960

Kwame Nkrumah,

chief architect of
Pan-Africanism dies
Apr 27, 1972

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Destruction of the Prison Industry

By Kuumba Chi Nia

(organizer for All-African Peoples Revolutionary Party)

Quick Links

Labor and Profit Contradictions

Resources on Prisoners & Human Rights

Inmates in a US prison being transferred. June 2009.

Crime is in the eye of the beholder, and from a revolutionary perspective, the prison industrial complex has not deterred crime. For us, crimes include the bailout of criminals on Wall Street and the U.S. and NATO war on Libya where we have seen innocent people killed and the country's infrastructure destroyed. However, capitalism defines crime differently, and clearly African people and particularly African youth are the targets of a global, corrupt prison-industrial complex.

The major crimes in Africa are neo-colonialism and imperialism, where blood thirsty, reactionary, greedy leaders of African states in conjunction with imperialists’ forces start wars against African people. At the same time, in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Kenya, Uganda, Azania\South Africa, et cetera the African masses are accused of “crimes” and forced into prison merely because they defy the abuse of power from the neo-colonial state and the abuse of foreign imperialist pressure.

The United Nations weighed in on the prison problems in the DRC in 2009 reporting unconscionable prison overcrowding. It was reported that in Central Prison in Goma, North Kivu, 22 female prisoners were raped. Unfortunately, DRC is not unusual.

A scathing 2007 report by a Human Rights group in Kenya states: “male wing of the prison consisted of one ward measuring 15 by 10 feet. This ward held 176 inmates. There were only 67 mattresses and 80 blankets to be shared among the 176 inmates. There was no internal toilet or shower, and the external toilets and showers were in deplorable condition. The cells lacked a drainage system, and floors were covered with potholes that trapped water and bred insects. Furthermore, there was poor ventilation, and inmates were not provided with basic sanitation supplies such as toilet paper, soap, toothbrush, or towels.” The report stated, “the overcrowding at this prison was at a level that can only be described as inhuman and degrading.”—The Human Rights House Network

Human Rights Watch reports that in neighboring Uganda the conditions are likewise clearly inhuman and they cry out for attention and revolutionary change. "Fifty-six percent of Uganda’s prisoners – over 17,000 people – have not been convicted of a crime and are locked up awaiting resolution of their cases, sometimes for years. Limited use of bail and inadequate legal representation contribute to these delays.”—Human Rights Watch. The absence of conscience in the Uganda prison system has proven deadly. Prisoners are treated like cattle and herded along in the fields forced to work until death.

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The police in neo-colonial Africa and in Uganda particularly often sweep poor neighborhoods in order to continue the slave like conditions, conditions that profit the evil elite. Prison officers reported that they could earn three months wages in a season off the forced labor of African inmates. “At some prisons, prisoners were paid nominal amounts of money, around 200 to 500 Uganda shillings per day ($0.09 to $0.21), or received small amounts of food, soap, or cigarettes as payment, but in most instances, prisoners received nothing.”—Human Rights Watch

Front page London Herald, Nelson Mandela Freed

Prison systems may look a little different from place to place but African people world-wide suffer. Africans find themselves in prison circumstances similar to those of oppressed people everywhere - particularly those who are revolutionary. The Cuban Five are a case in point. In 1998, Cuban nationals Ramon Labañino, Rene Gonzalez, Fernando Gonzalez, Antonio Guerrero and Gerardo Hernandez were arrested in Miami, Florida. They were charged with 26 counts of violating federal laws. Their "crimes" involved alleged acts that were minor and non-violent but they are serving four lifetime sentences and 77 years in U.S. prisons collectively. Their mission was to infiltrate and monitor terrorist and criminal groups in Miami that are responsible for the deaths of thousands of Cubans and which pose a continuing threat to the Cuban people and the government of Cuba. For twelve years, Rene Gonzalez's wife has sought a visa, but the U.S. has cruelly denied her the opportunity to even have a visit with her husband.

In the United States young people are under constant attacks and the prison system is waiting for them. “Nationally, 1 in 3 Black … boys born in 2001 are at risk of imprisonment during their lifetime. While boys are five times as likely to be incarcerated as girls, there also are a significant number of girls in the juvenile justice system. This rate of incarceration is endangering children at younger and younger ages.”—Cradle to Prison Pipline, The Children's Defense Fund.

To aggravate matters, prosecutorial misconduct, withholding evidence, and the like perpetuate racial disparities. Africans and Latinos make up more than half the total prison population. How many more innocent lives are wasting away in the cesspool of corruption?

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Labor and Profit Contradictions

Capitalism thrives because the labor force actually turns the wheels of production. Workers are grossly under paid and under appreciated in the U.S. In the following case we will look at how prison labor is used for profit

  • At the Union Correctional Facility, a maximum security prison in Florida, inmates from a nearby lower-security prison manufacture tons of processed beef, chicken and pork for Prison Rehabilitative Industries and Diversified Enterprises (PRIDE), a privately held non-profit corporation that operates the state’s forty-one work programs. In addition to processed food, PRIDE’s website reveals an array of products for sale through contracts with private companies, from eyeglasses to office furniture, to be shipped from a distribution center in Florida to businesses across the US. PRIDE boasts that its work programs are “designed to provide vocational training, to improve prison security, to reduce the cost of state government, and to promote the rehabilitation of the state inmates. Although a wide variety of goods have long been produced by state and federal prisoners for the US government—license plates are the classic example, with more recent contracts including everything from guided missile parts to the solar panels powering government buildings—prison labor for the private sector was legally barred for years, to avoid unfair competition with private companies. But this has changed thanks to the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), its Prison Industries Act, and a little-known federal program known as PIE (the Prison Industries Enhancement Certification Program). While much has been written about prison labor in the past several years, these forces, which have driven its expansion, remain largely unknown.”—The Hidden History of ALEC and Prison Labor
  • In the United States, “states spent about $5.7 billion in 2007 to imprison 64,558 youth committed to residential facilities. The per diem costs of locking up one young person in a juvenile facility ranges from $24 in Wyoming to $726 in Connecticut, but the American Correctional Association estimates that, on average, it costs states $240.99 per day -- around $88,000 a year -- for every youth in a juvenile facility.”—Cost of Confinement, Justice Policy Institute
  • Income generated throughout the prison industrial complex is profitable. The largest correctional company GEO Group expanded its operation to some 4900 more beds in 2010 with more than 6,300 beds potentially to come in 2011 and 2012. The GEO Group website boasts an 11 per cent increase from 2009 to 2010 at the cost of $1.27 billion dollars.

Mass incarceration is 21st century slavery that demands abolition. The A-APRP understands that capitalism must be destroyed before we can properly deal with the prison system. Join the All-African People’s Revolutionary Party!

Resources on Prisoners & Human Rights

  1. The Human Rights House Network, www.humanrightshouse.org
  2. Human Rights Watch, www.hrw.org
  3. Cradle to Prison Pipline, The Children's Defense Fund, http://www.childrensdefense.org/programs-campaigns/cradle-to-prison-pipeline/
  4. The Hidden History of ALEC and Prison Labor, Elk and Sloan, www.thenation.com.
  5. The Costs of Confinement: Why Good Juvenile Justice Policies Make Good Fiscal Sense, May 2009 Justice Policy Institute online pdf document
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